In vitro Antibacterial Activity of Water and Ethanolic Extract of Senna (Cassiaangustifola)
Nazar Abdalazeem Osman, Romaysa Jad, Allah Naeem Mustafa
Introduction: Traditional medicines become main source of primary health in different part of Sudan as result of cost effectiveness and viability of antibiotic in addition of antibiotic resistance and their side effect
Method: water and ethanolic Cassiaangustifola leaf, pod extract were screened for in vitro antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, K. pneumoniae, S. typhoid and Staphylococcus auras by disc diffusion method.
Result: leave and pod extracts showed variable effect on the tested organisms. Ethanol leaves extract exhibit considerable result to tested bacteria, whereas water leaves extract had low activity to tested bacteria except K. pneumoniae. Ethanolic pod extract showed same result to the most tested bacteria while water pod extract had lowest activity compeer to other extract.
Conclusion: The results obtained in the present study indicate that the leaves and pod extracts of Cassiaangustifola had potential antibacterial activity against tested fungi.
Keywords: Cassiaangustifola, Antibacterial activity, Leave and pod extracts, Disc diffusion method.